Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education and Citizenship
We were one of the first schools in Staffordshire to be awarded National Healthy Schools status. PSHE and Citizenship plays a major part in this award, along with Healthy Eating, Emotional Health and Wellbeing and Physical Activity.
So what is it?
Citizenship is a national curriculum subject that schools have been required to teach at key stages three and four since 2002, and it is non-statutory for key stages one and two. The Citizenship programmes of study are quite flexible, and aim to be relevant to pupils, encouraging them to investigate and think critically about issues of current interest, using problem solving, reasoning and evaluation skills. It relates to pupils' abilities and backgrounds and provides them with opportunities to discuss and address real-life issues, and to see that they can participate in activities that make a difference, both in school and the wider community. There are three strands to the curriculum - knowledge
There are eight specific units, some of which are taught discretely, whilst others are covered across the curriculum. These topics are:
- Human rights
- Britain – a diverse society?
- How the law protects animals – a local to global study
- Government, elections and voting
- Local democracy
- Leisure and sport in the local community
- The significance of the media in society
- Personal Finance
Citizenship is complimented by the non-statutory guidelines for PSHE Education, or Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education to give it its full title. PSHE Education and Citizenship covers a wide range of subjects such as:
- Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco
- Emotional Health and Wellbeing
- Nutrition and Physical Activity
- Sex and Relationships Education
Pupils learn about socially and morally responsible behaviour through classroom activities and discussion and through experiences beyond the classroom.
Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco
Schools have to prepare young people to lead confident, healthy, safe and independent lives. Therefore it is crucial to teach them about drugs, alcohol and tobacco.
Emotional Health and Wellbeing
All pupils are made aware of the emotional health issues that we all face, and are encouraged to support their peers.
Nutrition and Physical Activity
A healthy balance of different types of food provides the energy and nourishment everyone needs to survive and to enjoy life.
Both elements of PSHE Education and Citizenship reflect the fact that education is about helping pupils to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding they need, including developing financial capability, to live confident, independent lives.
Pupils should be able to keep themselves safe in the home, at school, while travelling at work, in play, in sport and in leisure. Safety education helps them to recognise potential risks.
Sex and Relationships Education
Effective Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) is crucial to developing and maintaining emotional and physical health. The Department for Education and Science states that SRE should be firmly rooted within the framework for PSHE and Citizenship.
The subject is taught to all pupils for one discrete lesson per week, and some areas are covered in cross extra curricular activities and in other subjects.
The learning is divided into four strands:
- Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities
- Preparing to play an active role as citizens
- Developing a healthy, safer lifestyle
- Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people
In years five and six, PSHE is based on the Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning programme (SEAL). We aim to develop social and emotional intelligence to create independent, confident and lifelong learners.
In addition to this, in year six 'Crime and Safety Awareness' are taught between the Drugs and SRE units. In year five, SRE is based entirely on relationships, and in year six, issues around puberty are discussed.
In years seven and eight a more detailed SRE programme is taught, covering more sensitive issues such as contraception, HIV and sexually transmitted infections and homosexuality.
PSHE Education and Citizenship Documents